The term Kubu is a Malay exonym ascribed to mobile, animist peoples (Orang Batin Sembilan, Orang Rimba or Anak Dalam) who live throughout the lowland forests of Southeast Sumatra. In the Malay language, the word Kubu can mean defensive fortification, entrenchment, or a place of refuge. It is metaphor for how the majority and dominant Islamic Melayu villagers believe them to use the interior forests as a means for resisting inclusion in the larger Malay social and Islamic religious world. As is the case with other forest peoples in the region, the term Kubu is associated with very negative connotations.

Following Malay classifications, early Europeans divided the Kubu into two categories: 'tame' or 'civilized' Kubu, who were predominantly swidden farmers, and 'wild' Kubu, who lived deep in the forests, and made much stronger efforts to avoid close relations with the outside world. While closely related to Malay speaking peoples, these peoples represent two separate cultural groups, which have different economic and socio-religious systems.

Orang Batin Sembilan Tribe
Traditionally referred to as civilized Kubu, the Orang Batin Sembilan are a larger population of swidden-based peoples who live in the central and eastern lowland forests of South Sumatra (pop~35,000) and Jambi (pop. ~10,000). Like other people in the region, these people traditionally use the swidden field as a base camp from which to exploit resources in the forests, particularly when collecting forest products for trade.

Orang Rimba Tribe
The Orang Rimba ('people of the forest') are a much smaller population of people (~3000) who live in the upstream regions of Jambi and South Sumatran. They have a unique, diverse economy, which shifts in and out of two base subsistence strategies: swidden farming and a very nomadic life based on foraging wild yams. This is traditionally combined with hunting, trapping, fishing, damming and poisoning rivers, and the collection of forest products for trade. For many, part-time rubber tapping and participation in logging has gradually replaced the collection of forest products.

Orang Rimba life is characterized by small and changing camps, which can be the size of a nuclear family when digging for wild yams, but more commonly is based around an extended family, and can include several extended families whenever swidden farming. Their social relations are very egalitarian, while hierarchies are largely based upon age, gender and knowledge of religion and culture law.

Deforestation and government settlements
Since the 1970s, many of these peoples have been displaced from their traditional lands by logging companies and palm oil plantations,[2] and for some time have been the target of government settlement projects

Language
The various Kubu languages belong to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family. They are isolects of the Malay language (Bahasa Melayu) spoken in the upstream regions of Palembang and Jambi, Sumatra. All are similar to Bahasa Indonesia, which is based upon a variant of Malay.

“Suku Anak Dalam” or “Orang Rimba” is a name which gave to a group of people who live in the forest area of the National Park of Bukit 12 Jambi, Sumatra. A community of people who live in the jungle area of a little over 50,000 ha is about 1200 people are spread throughout the Park area. They lived by hunting animals that live in the forest and cultivating activities are familiar with plant crops which are normally in the consumption for their survival. The Orang Rimba ('people of the forest') are a much smaller population of people (~3000) who live in the upstream regions of Jambi.

They have a unique, diverse economy, which shifts in and out of two base subsistence strategies: swidden farming and a very nomadic life based on foraging wild yams. This is traditionally combined with hunting, trapping, fishing, damming and poisoning rivers, and the collection of forest products for trade. For many, part-time rubber tapping and participation in logging has gradually replaced the collection of forest products.

Orang Rimba life is characterized by small and changing camps, which can be the size of a nuclear family when digging for wild yams, but more commonly is based around an extended family, and can include several extended families whenever swidden farming. Their social relations are very egalitarian, while hierarchies are largely based upon age, gender and knowledge of religion and culture law.

Itinerary:
Day 1 Jakarta - Jambi - SPI Village
Starting your journey with fly to Jambi, Sumatra, then our team provide the vehicle from Jambi city to SPI village about 4-5 hour drive. You will stay overnight in homestay outside the National Park gate and meet our team from “Rimba” People. v Accommodation: Camp or Rimba People house

Day 2 SPI - Kedundung Muda Community
Start your day in the early morning after breakfast, trekking into the forest about 4-5 hour by foot. We will meet with the community that is closest to the gate of the jungle. This is an area of Kedundung Muda. We will stay here to interact with the people of the jungle and learn and teach the next day. v Accommodation: Camp or Rimba People house

Day 3 Kedundung Muda teaching activities with Rimba Kids
After breakfast, continue journey to next camp at Ketimus River. We will join the Rimba People to hunting and fishing along the river. Arrive at Ketius River, Rimba People will build the Rimba House for us and preparing for education for tomorrow. v Accommodation: Camp or Rimba People house

Day 4 Trekking Kedundung Muda - Ketimus river - Asohon
Trekking into the forest to the other Orang Rimba Community who live inside the National Park. We will see how their life and what they do for life there. The Rimba people will take tou for hunting, fishing, Jungle game and how to make tha wild trapp to catch animal to be eaten. v Accommodation: Camp or Rimba People house

Day 5 Asohon - SPI - Jambi
Trekking back to village near SPI and drive to Jambi city for fly back to Jakarta.

Rate : USD 690/person/twin share, Minimum 2 person

Price Include:
- Flight tickets Jakarta
- Jambi and Jambi
- Jakarta
- Land transport from airport in Jambi to SPI and from SPI to airport
- Entrance fee to Bukit 12 National Park
- Local Guide
- Porters as needed
- Camping equipments
- Meals as needed along the trip
- Insurance
- Accomodation 1 night in SPI basecamp

Price Exclude:
- Entrance fee for Camera (DSLR to National Park)
- Alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks
- Laundry
- Tipping
- Any personal expenses

Activities:
- Photography
- Tribal Trekking
- cultural trip






There is no form with this name or may be the form is unpublished, Please check the form and the url and the form management.