Mount Bromo East Java
Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.

Sulfur is collected from inside the caldera by workers. Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the "Sea of Sand" (Javanese: Segara Wedi or Indonesian: Lautan Pasir), a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 m or 9,088 ft) (Indonesian: Gunung Penanjakan).

The viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan can also be reached on foot in about two hours. Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation sometimes issues warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.

Culture
On the fourteenth day of the Hindu festival of Yadnya Kasada, the Tenggerese people of Probolinggo, East Java, travel up the mountain in order to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods by throwing them into the caldera of the volcano. The origin of the ritual lies in the 15th century legend where a princess named Roro Anteng started the principality of Tengger with her husband, Joko Seger. The couple were childless and therefore beseeched the assistance of the mountain gods. The gods granted them 24 children but stipulated that the 25th child, named Kesuma, must be thrown into the volcano as a human sacrifice. The gods' request was implemented. The tradition of throwing sacrifices into the volcano to appease these ancient deities continues today and is called the Yadnya Kasada ceremony. Though fraught with danger, some locals risk climbing down into the crater in an attempt to recollect the sacrificed goods that they believe could bring them good luck. On the Segara Wedi sand plain sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten.

The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scattered across the mountain villages, such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso. The temple organises the annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. On the 14th day, the Tenggerese congregate at Pura Luhur Poten to ask for blessings from Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa and the God of Mahameru (Mount Semeru). Then the crowd proceeds along the crater edges of Mt Bromo where offerings are thrown into the crater. The major difference between this temple and Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials.

Pura Luhur Poten uses natural black stones from volcanoes nearby, while Balinese temples are mostly made from red bricks. Inside this pura, there are several buildings and enclosures aligned in a mandala zone composition.

Mount Ijen East Java
The Ijen volcano complex is a group of stratovolcanoes in the Banyuwangi Regency of East Java, Indonesia. It is inside a larger caldera Ijen, which is about 20 kilometers wide. The Gunung Merapi stratovolcano is the highest point of that complex.
The name "Gunung Merapi" means "mountain of fire" in the Indonesian language (api being "fire"); Mount Merapi in central Java and Marapi in Sumatra have the same etymology. West of Gunung Merapi is the Ijen volcano, which has a one-kilometer-wide turquoise-colored acidic crater lake.

The lake is the site of a labor-intensive sulfur mining operation, in which sulfur-laden baskets are carried by hand from the crater floor. The work is paid well considering the cost of living in the area, but is very onerous. Workers earn around Rp 50,000 - 75,000 ($5.50-$8.30) per day and once out of the crater, still need to carry their loads of sulfur chunks about three kilometers to the nearby Paltuding Valley to get paid. Many other post-caldera cones and craters are located within the caldera or along its rim. The largest concentration of post-caldera cones run east-west across the southern side of the caldera.

The active crater at Kawah Ijen has a diameter of 722 metres (2,369 ft) and a surface area of 0.41 square kilometres (0.16 sq mi). It is 200 metres (660 ft) deep and has a volume of 36 cubic hectometres (29,000 acre·ft). The lake is recognised as the largest highly acidic crater lake in the world. It is also a source for the river Banyupahit, resulting in highly acidic and metal-enriched river water which has a significant detrimental effect on the downstream river ecosystem. In 2008, explorer George Kourounis took a small rubber boat out onto the acid lake to measure its acidity. The pH of the water in the crater was measured to be 0.5 due to sulfuric acid

Blue Fire Crater Since National Geographic mentioned the electric-blue flame of Ijen, tourist numbers increased.[citation needed] The phenomenon has occurred for a long time, but beforehand there was no midnight hiking. A two-hour hike is required to reach the rim of the crater, followed by a 45-minute hike down to the bank of the crater. The blue fire is ignited sulphuric gas, which emerges from cracks at temperatures up to 600 degrees Celsius (1,112 degrees Fahrenheit). The flames can be up to 5 meters (16 feet) high; some of the gas condenses to liquid and is still ignited. It is the largest blue flame area in the world and local people refer to it as 'Blue Fire'

Sulfur mining at Ijen
An active vent at the edge of the lake is a source of elemental sulfur, and supports a mining operation. Escaping volcanic gases are channelled through a network of ceramic pipes, resulting in condensation of molten sulfur. The sulfur, which is deep red in color when molten, pours slowly from the ends of these pipes and pools on the ground, turning bright yellow as it cools. The miners break the cooled material into large pieces and carry it away in baskets. Miners carry loads ranging from 75 kilograms (165 lb) to 90 kilograms (200 lb), up 300 metres (980 ft) to the crater rim, with a gradient of 45 to 60 degrees and then 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) down the mountain for weighing. Most miners make this journey twice a day. A nearby sugar refinery pays the miners by the weight of sulfur transported; as of September 2010, the typical daily earnings were equivalent to approximately $13 US. The miners often receive insufficient protection while working around the volcano and complain of numerous respiratory afflictions. There are 200 miners, who extract 14 tons per day - about 20 percent of the continuous daily deposit.

Itinerary:
Day 01 Bali – Ferry Port – Banyuwangi Hotel
Our staff will pick you up from your hotel in Bali (Sanur, Ubud or Kuta area) or from airport then take you to the most western tip of Bali for about 4 hours by private car with AC to reach Gilimanuk Ferry Port then proceed to take a ferry to cross the strait for about 1 hour to reach Ketapang ferry port in Banyuwangi (in eastern tip of Java). The trip goes through the rural landscapes of West Bali. At noon, we will arrive in Banyuwangi then drive up to Hotel for stay overnight at Ketapang Indah Hotel (Resort). After a short break we can continue a Banyuwangi City Tour such as going to Watudodol (sunset time) then to Banyuwangi city and then back to hotel for dinner.

Day 02 Banyuwangi Hotel – Ijen Crater Tours (Kawah Ijen) – Bromo
After early breakfast at around 4.00am we will go to the village of Licin and then continue to the slope of Mount Ijen, passing through plantations and rainforest. This is one of the few remaining on the island of Java with giant ferns and plants, big trees, this journey takes approximately 1.5 hour from the hotel by private car. Arriving at the parking area of Mount Ijen. Approximately 1.5 hours will be required to ascend slope of mount Ijen to reach peak of Ijen Crater and along the path, You will enjoy the stunning natural scenery with fresh air & shady. Resting on the edge of the crater at an altitude of 2883 meters and enjoy best panorama of the lake of sulphate where reflects spectacular view in the surrounding walls to give the impression like doom.

The sulfur mining workers go down into the crater and climb back up by passing dangerous path on the edge of Ijen Crater with the load as much as 80 kilograms on their shoulders. this is really dangerous job. Here also, You will enjoy the beautiful scenery in the crater of Ijen as one of God’s amazing creation. Do not forget to take pictures in this area as a proof that you have visited one of the most amazing places on earth. After You enjoyed the natural scenery at Crater of Ijen and then descend the slope of Mount Ijen until vehicles parking area where our vehicle is waiting for escort you back to the City of Banyuwangi for having lunch at a local restaurant. Afterward, we will continue the journey by private car to Mount Bromo area in District of Probolinggo for 4-5 hours. Arriving in the region of Mount Bromo, you’ll spend the night and enjoy dinner at the Bromo Permai Hotel.

Day 03 Bromo Hotel – Mt. Bromo Sunrise Tours – Bali
At 04:00am, The 4WD (JEEP) will take us to Seruni sunset point where we will enjoy the sunrise time, then continue to Mount Pananjakan. Mount Pananjakan is one of the best place in the edge of the Tengger caldera to enjoy the morning. Afterward, the jeep will take us down to the slopes of Mount Bromo by crossing the ocean of sand and then you will climb the slopes of Mount Bromo by following the stairs up leading to the peak of Mount Bromo. We will then continue the journey to Tengger Sea of Sand including the Pasir Berbisik area, Teletubies hills, Jamplang and heading to Ranu Pane (Lake Pane), the last village before Mount Semeru.

After a while we will be back to hotel to take a short break and have lunch. Check out and back to Bali via north route where we can have a stop at Pasir Putih area. Then go to Juanda Airport in Surabaya or Ketapang Harbor.

End of our service.

Rate : USD 350/person/twin share, minimum 2 person

Included in the tour package :
- Accommodation (twin share)
- Transportation : Car/Minivan/Bus
- 3 Meals - Local tour guide
- Entrance fee for the tourist attraction as programs
- Parking fee
- Donation
- Mineral water

What is not included yet in the tour package :
- Personal expenses, Optional tour, Additional meals
- Airfare, Airport tax, Porter
- Tipping Guide and Driver
- Travel insurance




There is no form with this name or may be the form is unpublished, Please check the form and the url and the form management.